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1.1 Relationship to other work
1.3 Error codes
3 Constraints on enumeration concepts
4 Enumeration value representation
5 Validating facts for enumeration concepts
B Schemas (normative)
C Intellectual property status (non-normative)
D Acknowledgements (non-normative)
E Document History (non-normative)
F Errata Corrections incorporated in this document
xs:enumeration feature allows enumerated
types to be defined. Such types have a fixed list of allowed values that cannot
be changed until the next version of the schema is published. XBRL projects
often require "extensible enumerations", which leave extension taxonomies free
to augment the list of allowed values for a concept, just as they are free to
add new members to the domain of an explicit dimension.
For multi-language projects, it is also important that labels can be provided for the enumeration values in each language.
Finally, it is often useful to refer to existing domain hierarchies in fact values. For example, a taxonomy might define a Region dimension, with members representing various countries. As well as using these members to qualify facts (e.g. "Sales in France" versus "Sales in Spain"), the taxonomy may define concepts that expect countries as values (e.g. a "Head office location" concept). Taxonomy authors should be free to define a domain of countries once, and use it in both contexts.
This specification provides a syntax for associating a concept with a domain of members, and validation rules to constrain the allowed values for the concept to the members of that domain. This meets the extensibility, labelling and reuse requirements outlined above.
This specification is a new version of Extensible Enumerations 1.0 [EXTENSIBLE ENUMERATIONS 1.0]. Extensible Enumerations 1.0 allows the definition of concepts that take a value that is one of a defined list of options. This specification adds the ability to also define concepts that take a value is one or more of a defined list of options. The requirements for this are documented more fully in the accompanying requirements document. This version is a new specification identified by a new namespace, and does not alter the behaviour required of a processor supporting Extensible Enumerations 1.0. Definitions from both specifications MAY co-exist within a single taxonomy, although it is recommended that taxonomy authors use a single version of the specification consistently wherever possible. Facts will be validated according to the relevant version of the specification, based on the namespace and localname of the datatype that the concept is derived from.
This specification depends upon the XBRL Specification [XBRL 2.1] and the XBRL Dimensions Specification [DIMENSIONS]. In the event of any conflicts between this specification and the specifications upon which it depends, this specification does not prevail.
This Specification uses a number of namespace prefixes when describing elements and attributes. These are:
The key words expanded name, local part, namespace name, NCName and QName in this document are to be interpreted as described in [XML Names].
A set value enumeration concept is a concept with a data type of
enum:enumerationSetItemType, or a type derived from it. The value of a set value enumeration concept is an unordered set of enumeration values. Repetition of values within the set is not permitted, and ordering between values is not significant.
@enum:domainattribute MUST be specified (enumte:MissingDomainError).
@enum:domainattribute MUST identify a concept in the taxonomy that is in the
xbrli:itemsubstitution group and not in the
xbrldt:dimensionItemsubstitution groups (enumte:InvalidDomainError).
@enum:linkroleattribute MUST be specified (enumte:MissingLinkRoleError).
@enum:headUsableattribute MAY be specified to control whether the member identified by
@enum:domainshould itself be included in the domain.
The domain head is the item identified by the
@enum:domain attribute on an enumeration concept declaration.
The domain of enumeration values for an enumeration concept is the
set of usable domain members obtained by following domain-member relationships starting from the
domain head in the extended link role identified by the
@enum:linkrole attribute. If the concept has an
@enum:headUsable attribute with an effective value of 'true', then the domain of enumeration values also includes the domain head, otherwise it does not.
Within [DIMENSIONS] the domain-member relationships that form a domain have the attribute
@xbrldt:usable to provide a way of excluding members from the domain.
But because @xbrldt:usable only applies to the target of an effective domain-member relationship, the
@enum:headUsable attribute exists to provide a way to exclude the head member itself.
This is required because no incoming arcs which have the domain head as their target are taken into account
when establishing the domain of enumeration values.
This specification makes use of "Clark notation" to identify enumeration values. This notation expresses an XML expanded name as the combination of a namespace name (a URI reference [URI]) and a local part without the use of a context-specific, short-hand prefix, as used in QNames.
Facts reported with a non-nil value against single value enumeration concepts MUST have a value that is a Clark name identifying a member in the domain of enumeration values for the concept (enumie:InvalidFactValue).
The schema definitions of
enum:enumerationSetItemType do not fully validate the format of the URI component of a Clark name. The enumie:InvalidFactValue error code should be used if a processor detects a syntactically invalid URI.
Facts reported with a non-nil value against a set value enumeration concept MUST have a value that is a space-separated list of Clark names, each of which identifies a member in the domain of enumeration values for the concept (enumie:InvalidSetFactValue). The set of Clark names MAY be empty.
The Clark names reported in a fact value for a set value enumeration concept MUST be unique (enumie:RepeatedSetValue).
Note that the schema definition for
enum:enumerationSetItemType has a base type of
xsd:token, which has an implicit value of
collapse for the
whiteSpace facet. This means that items in the list may be separated by any string of whitespace characters, and that the list may be preceded by, or followed by, any number of whitespace characters. Whitespace is not significant and need not be preserved.
This section contains XML files that form part of this specification. Each document has a standard Publication URL, at which the normative copy of the document is published. A non-normative copy of each document is included in this appendix for convenience.
All references to these documents made for the purposes of DTS Discovery MUST resolve to the Publication URL, after applying XML Base processing (where applicable) and resolving any relative URLs.
It should be noted that the path component of a URL is case-sensitive, and so must match exactly. Further, alternative hosts and schemes that happen to resolve to the same location are not considered equivalent and may not be used. See [URI] for more details on URL equivalence.
The requirement to reference documents by Publication URL does not prevent processors from substituting local copies of the documents for performance or other reasons.
XBRL taxonomies using this specification MAY import extensible-enumerations-2.0.xsd schema and MUST be schema valid according to the schema validation rules defined in [XML Schema Structures] and [XML Schema Datatypes].
XBRL instances using the elements whose type is defined in extensible-enumerations-2.0.xsd MUST be XML Schema valid according to validation rules defined in [XML Schema Structures] and [XML Schema Datatypes].
The Publication URL for this schema is https://www.xbrl.org/PWD/2017-09-05/extensible-enumerations-2.0.xsd.
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This document could not have been written without the contributions of many people.
|12 October 2016||Paul Warren||
Initial Public Working Draft of version 1.1, addressing requirement for multi-valued enumerations.
|30 November 2016||Paul Warren||
Candidate Recommendation of version 1.1 released. Base type of "enumerationsItemType" changed to "tokenItemType".
|08 February 2017||Paul Warren||
Proposed Recommendation of version 1.1. Non-normative description of enum:enumerationsItemType fixed.
|04 April 2017||Paul Warren||
Candidate Recommendation of version 1.1. Provided separate list and set types for multi-valued enumerations.
|05 September 2017||Paul Warren||
Initial Public Working Draft of 2.0. The 1.1 draft specification has been replaced by 2.0 due to a substantive change in approach (the use of Clark Notation rather than QNames for enumeration values)
This appendix contains a list of the errata that have been incorporated into this document. This represents all those errata corrections that have been approved by the XBRL International Specification Maintenance Working Group (SWG) up to and including 05 September 2017. Hyperlinks to relevant e-mail threads may only be followed by those who have access to the relevant mailing lists. Access to internal XBRL mailing lists is restricted to members of XBRL International Inc.
No errata have been incorporated into this document.